Head Start/Early Head Start
A federally-funded program for low-income families with children birth to five years old and pregnant women. In addition to child care and early learning programs, health care and parent training are also offered. Head Start programs are licensed by DSS. Some are full day and some coordinate with other providers or funding sources to provide full-day care.
Healthy Families Low-cost health insurance for children in families that do not qualify for MediCal.
Infant/toddler care Care for children under two, as defined by Community Care Licensing.
In-home care A friend, relative, babysitter, or nanny cares for a child in the child’s home, full-time or part-time.
Licensed child care Center- or home-based care that meets health, safety, and educational standards set by Department of Social Services/Community Care Licensing.
License-exempt care Child care which does not require a state license. License-exempt care includes home care (providers caring for children from only one other family besides their own), in-home care (a friend, relative, babysitter, or nanny cares for a child in the child’s home, full-time or part-time), and some school-age centers or military programs regulated by non-state agencies.
Median Household Income The midpoint of household incomes in an area, above which, half of the households in that area have higher incomes and, below which, half of the households have lower incomes. (California families eligible for child care subsidy fall at or below 75% of the state median income level.)
Non-traditional hours Work hours other than 7 a.m. to 6 p.m., including evening, overnight, or weekend shifts.
Paid Family Leave (PFL) A California law that provides workers covered by State Disability Insurance with up to 6 weeks of partial pay, each year, to take time off from work to bond with a newborn baby or newly adopted foster child (or to care for a seriously ill parent, child, spouse, or registered domestic partner). In 2007, PFL paid 55% of wages, up to a maximum of $882 per week.
Part-time care Less than 30 hours per week.
Preschooler Children aged two to five, as defined by Community Care Licensing
Program for Infant/Toddler Care (PITC) A training curriculum to increase the availability and quality of child care for children under three.
Resource and referral program (R&R) Community-based organization, agency, or program that provides information, training, and support for parents, caregivers, employers, and policy makers. Since 1976, individual R&Rs have been funded by the California Department of Education, Child Development Division. Resource and referral programs are located in every county in California.
School-age care Care for elementary and middle school students which may be provided in homes or center-based settings, sometimes on school grounds, and offered before school begins and/or after school to the end of the work day.
Space for one child in a child care center or family child care home.